Ein Raketenantrieb soll den "Spaceliner" zum Hyperschallflieger machen. Als Treibstoff wären dafür flüssiger Wasser- und Sauerstoff denkbar. A new kind of high-speed transport based on a two-stage Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) has been proposed by DLR under the name SpaceLiner. Bevor der SpaceLiner, den das Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme des Deutschen Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) entwickelt, diese Strecke zum ersten Mal.
Deutsche Flugzeugtechnik: Mit dem "Spaceliner" in 90 Minuten nach AustralienBevor der SpaceLiner, den das Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme des Deutschen Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) entwickelt, diese Strecke zum ersten Mal. A new kind of high-speed transport based on a two-stage Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) has been proposed by DLR under the name SpaceLiner. SpaceLiner ist eine Vision für einen suborbitalen, hyperschallschnellen, geflügelten Passagiertransporter, welche seit beim Deutschen Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt in Untersuchung ist. Als Zweitanwendung des SpaceLiner wurde der.
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Try out different materials and colour combinations and create an exclusive driving experience for your passengers — individually customised for your company.
To the NEOPLAN Bus Designer. A journey with the Skyliner means relaxation and rest from the moment your passengers board. A variety of equipment details ensures an appealing feel-good atmosphere on board, from interior design, air conditioning and entertainment to the on-board kitchen and the WC which can be used at all times, to abundant storage space for luggage.
There is only one class in the Skyliner for your passengers: the luxury class. This is guaranteed by features such as the numerous adjustment options of the comfort seats.
The comfortable standing height of 1. The standard equipment in the Skyliner includes the optimum ambient temperature. Our two-zone air-conditioning system provides the upper and lower decks with heat or a cool breeze, independently of each other.
In the spacious, functional kitchenette, you can prepare freshly brewed hot drinks and hot snacks for your passengers at any time.
And the clever concept of LED lighting throughout the interior illuminates both levels at any time of the day and during the night, depending on your requirements.
With our latest Multi-Media Coach MMC in the cockpit, your drivers will always have control over navigation, mobile phones and entertainment for their passengers.
The navigation system was specially developed for coach traffic and reliably informs you about traffic restrictions, such as the height and weight of your vehicle.
And thanks to precise traffic information, you can swiftly avoid traffic jams and get your passengers to their destination quicker and more safely.
To entertain your passengers, your Multi Media Coach receives a variety of radio programs in both analogue and digital formats. In addition, the MMC offers the option to play your own audio files and that of your passengers via USB port, SD card or Bluetooth connection.
You can also use your MMC as a hands-free system for two mobile phones at the same time. With our double-decker coach, you can offer up to 85 passengers a luxury travel experience, even when it comes to luggage, without any limits: the Skyliner is in a class of its own even when it comes to storage.
Special hinges on the luggage compartment door also increase the clear width of the aisle. And the additional door inside the lower deck allows access to the luggage even during the journey.
With the latest equipment option of the Skyliner, we arranged the front stairs on the right-hand side. The innovative staircase offers additional comfort on board with more seats, and it also speeds up getting on board and vacating the vehicle.
Thanks to the stairs immediately next to the front access, your passengers can access the upper deck quickly and conveniently.
This speeds up the boarding process. Both the passengers and your company will benefit from shorter waiting times when getting on board and vacating the vehicle.
The repositioned front stairs on the right-hand side creates more space in the passenger area. This means your Skyliner with 4-star seat layout can be equipped with two additional seats.
Depending on the equipment, this can give you up to 79 seats. Another advantage: It is no longer necessary to pass by this area to reach the upper deck.
We have redesigned the front passenger seat of the Skyliner for the model with the stairs on the right-hand side: It offers the front passenger or the tour guide more comfort and improved handling.
At the same time, the well-thought-out folding seat design leaves more space in the area of the entrance.
The double-decker coaches also perform at the top of their class in terms of technical features: That is because we designed the Skyliner down to the smallest detail — from the engine, transmission and suspension technology to the cost-effectiveness ratio between size, weight and use of space.
Reliable, economical, powerful and environmentally friendly: The new MAN D26 common-rail engine does a great job behind the engine compartment flap of your Skyliner.
The combination of exhaust gas recirculation EGR with the SCR filter ensures a maximum reduction of pollutant emissions.
Eine zentrale Herausforderung liegt in der Verbesserung der Sicherheit und Zuverlässigkeit von Raumfahrtkomponenten wie z. Raketentriebwerken, so dass sie für den täglichen Einsatz im Passagiertransport in Frage kommen.
Anfang der er Jahre befand sich der SpaceLiner im Stadium des Vorentwurfs. Basierend auf den Ergebnissen der jeweils vorangegangenen Untersuchungen sollte der Entwurf im Verlauf der Entwicklung und unter wachsender Berücksichtigung von Subsystementwicklung und -integration vorangetrieben werden.
SpaceLiner 2 bezeichnete ein Konzept für eine erste Version, bei der die Integration eines aktiven Kühlsystems für thermisch hoch belastete Bauteile beim atmosphärischen Wiedereintritt vorgesehen wurde.
Die Vision SpaceLiner 4 war als Weiterentwicklung des SpaceLiner 2 mit verbesserten aerodynamischen und flugmechanischen Charakteristiken angedacht.
In dem durch die EU finanzierten Forschungsprojekt FAST20XX wurden anhand dieser Konfiguration verschiedene für den SpaceLiner notwendige Technologien experimentell und numerisch näher untersucht.
Im Jahr befand sich beim DLR das Konzept SpaceLiner 7 in Untersuchung. Im Rahmen einer numerischen Optimierung wurde zur Verbesserung der aerodynamischen, thermischen und strukturmechanischen Eigenschaften im Hyperschallflug unter anderem die Verwendung eines einfachen anstelle eines doppelten Deltaflügels geprüft.
The fully reusable system is accelerated by a total of eleven liquid rocket engines 9 for the booster stage, 2 for the passenger stage , which are to be operated using cryogenic liquid oxygen LOX and hydrogen LH2.
After engine cut-off, the passenger stage will enter a high-speed gliding flight phase and shall be capable of travelling long intercontinental distances within a very short time.
Altitudes of 80 kilometers and speed beyond Mach 20 are projected, depending on the mission and the associated trajectory flown. SpaceLiner flight times from Australia to Europe, the chosen reference mission, should take 90 minutes.
Shorter distances, such as Europe to California for example, would then be achievable in no more than 60 minutes.
The concept design also foresees the passenger cabin to function as an autonomous rescue capsule which can be separated from the vehicle in case of an emergency, thus allowing the passengers to return safely to Earth.
A key aspect of the SpaceLiner concept is its full reusability and vehicle mass-production, which would closely resemble production rates of the aviation industry.
Serial production is expected to deliver a significant increase in cost effectiveness compared to conventional space transportation systems of the early s.
As of [update] , the concept study was funded by DLR's internal resources, as well as in the context of EU- FP7 funded projects such as FAST20XX and CHATT.
In addition to DLR, various partners from the European aerospace sector are involved. At the end of investigations and ongoing studies conducted within context of the FAST20XX framework led to the refinement and definition of the SpaceLiner 7 version.
Selected variants to the baseline configuration given different requirements and specifications were studied with associated results influencing and redirecting the entire configuration process.
SpaceLiner 1 was the first version, conceived in SpaceLiner 2 refers to the first version, which featured the integration of an innovative active cooling system  for the areas of particularly high thermal stresses during atmospheric, re-entry, being the nose and wing leading edge sections.
The SpaceLiner 4 concept is a evolution of version 2 with improved aerodynamic and flight dynamic characteristics.
Based on this configuration, various technologies necessary for the SpaceLiner were experimentally and numerically examined, research that was funded by the EU research project FAST20XX.
As of [update] , the latest configuration under study at the DLR is the SpaceLiner 7. Presently, subsystems such as the passenger cabin, the cryogenic tanks, the propellant feed system and the vehicle thermal protection  have been preliminarily defined and integrated.
Possible routes, which have then formed the basis of trajectory analyses for SpaceLiner, have been identified. These are classified and grouped in terms of their distances, with Class 1 representing the longest route, and Class 3 describing the shortest yet still economically interesting and relevant distance.
In line with this, a modified version of the SpaceLiner 7 capable of flying medium long-haul distances while carrying passengers has been examined.
Given the name SL, this concept variant is suitable for Class 2 and Class 3 distance flights.